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  • A wealth of moons exist in our own solar system that could host life
  • Moons have separate energy sources - reflected stellar light as well as thermal emission from the planet
  • PLATO will launch in 2024 for a six-year mission looking at several spots in the sky
  • While machines are becoming more integrated into human lives, there's a growing need to imbue them with a sense of morality
  • 'Masquerading' refers to a person in a given context being unable to tell whether the machine is human; new Turing Test tries to establish ethics
  • It becomes harder for individuals to make authentic ethical decisions
  • Diatoms are important to water quality and global climate, generating 1/4 of the oxygen in the atmosphere
  • Researchers have now discovered that blue and red light sensing photoreceptors control the carbon flow in these algae
  • The "light switches" can be used to control carbon flow in cells, opening up biotechnological control of cells
  • Health, food and environmental sectors need tools that consider species' evolutionary histories to advance
  • Unaddressed need for management of evolution could lead to the spread of new diseases and anti-microbial resistance genes
  • Annual estimated costs of combatting drug-resistant microbes in the U.S. alone is $35 billion
  • Australian researchers built a tractor beam that can push and pull objects 100 times farther than any other efforts
  • This could be used for removing pollutants from the air or for pulling undesirable particles from samples of materials
  • The new beam is based on heat and researchers say it could very easily be made much larger
  • Lithium-ion batteries have encountered their theoretical limit and can not meet the urgent need for high energy density
  • Lithium-sulfur batteries have approx 4 times as much energy density and are more environmentally friendly
  • This is promising for applications of Li-S batteries for future flexible electronic devices such as smart electronics and roll-up displays
  • Vertical nanowires could be used for detailed studies of what happens on the surface of cells
  • Researchers managed to make artificial cell membranes form across a large number of vertical nanowires, known as a 'nano-forest'
  • This could be of great importance for pharmaceutical research, as well as for basic cell research
  • Scientists are interested in synthetic membranes because of the possibility of detecting toxins, diseases and many other biosensing applications
  • Chilean scientists developed a way to create artificial membranes through a "dry" process using commercial chemicals
  • This is the first time anyone has ever made an artificial membrane without mixing liquid solvents together
  • 'Lipid membranes' – the thin 'skin' that surrounds all biological cells – can be applied to synthetic surfaces
  • The new technique can use membranes to 'draw' with a resolution of 6 nanometres, much smaller than scientists thought
  • This paves the way to understand and develop many new drugs and to aid understanding of a range of diseases
  • Crowdfunding campaigns can be used to conduct market research, in addition to raising funds
  • Existing networks can be utilized by entrepreneurs, writers, and artists to jump-start a campaign.
  • Tech gadgets, fashion apparel, and video production are three trending categories ideal for crowdfunding
  • Promises new crackdown on ‘some of the most notorious sites’ in effort to win over music and movie rightsholders
  • A previous promise to do this in 2012 proved controversial, with the music and movie industry regularly claiming Google did not follow through
  • A guide to those most likely to be affected can be found on Google’s online transparency report
  • Studio Swine developed their own way to make 3D-printed furniture by collecting plastic trash washing up on shore in the UK.
  • Coming from your 3D printer soon will be full meals—and perhaps even fully customized meals on planes
  • Designer Francis Bitonti is designing a line of 3D printed shoes meant for women to be sold commercially
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